is alopecia an autoimmune disease


Got thinning hair and bald patches all over your body?  Ugh, hair loss sucks, no question about it.  Hair loss can take an incredible emotional and physical toll on you.

One of the most common causes of hair loss is alopecia, which is a condition that causes hair loss in both men and women. It can affect any part of the body where there is hair, including the scalp, eyebrows, eyelashes, beard, or other facial hair.

The most common type of alopecia is androgenic alopecia (male pattern baldness), which affects about two-thirds of all men over the age of 50. Women can also develop female pattern baldness due to hormonal changes during menopause or pregnancy.

Other forms of alopecia include alopecia areata (patchy hair loss) and traction alopecia (caused by pulling on the hair).

But first what exactly is an autoimmune disease, and is alopecia really one? Let’s find out if alopecia is an autoimmune disease.


So What’s An Autoimmune Disease?

An autoimmune disease occurs when your immune system mistakenly attacks healthy cells in your body as if they were foreign invaders. This results in inflammation and tissue damage throughout the body, leading to a wide range of symptoms such as tiredness, joint pain, and skin rashes.

Some common examples of autoimmune diseases include rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, Crohn’s Disease, and Type 1 Diabetes.  It’s estimated that as many as 23 million Americans suffer from some form of autoimmune disease.


What Causes Alopecia?

The cause of alopecia is unknown, but it has been linked to a variety of factors including genetics, stress, hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions. In some cases, it may be caused by an underlying autoimmune disorder. This means that when the immune system mistakes healthy cells in the body for foreign invaders and attacks them, it can lead to hair loss.


is alopecia an autoimmune disease

Is Alopecia An Autoimmune Disease?

Recent studies have suggested that there may be a link between alopecia and other autoimmune diseases. With alopecia, your immune system mistakenly treats healthy cells in your scalp as foreign invaders and attacks them. The resulting damage to your hair follicles can cause bald spots or thinning hair.

This means that if you have another autoimmune disorder, you may be more likely to experience alopecia or have more severe symptoms of this condition than those who don’t.

While it’s not exactly clear why some people develop alopecia and others don’t, research has shown there may be a connection between autoimmunity and hair loss disorders such as alopecia areata and telogen effluvium (a form of diffuse hair loss).

However, more research needs to be done to determine if there is indeed a causal relationship between these conditions. Additionally, it’s important to note that not everyone who has an autoimmune disease will experience hair loss; everyone responds differently to their condition(s).

Although further research may be needed to determine the exact connection between alopecia and other autoimmune diseases, researchers believe that certain factors—such as genetic predisposition or environmental triggers—may play a role in this relationship.

For example, many people who develop an autoimmune disorder also suffer from nutritional deficiencies due to their weakened immune systems; these deficiencies can then lead to hair loss.

 Additionally, certain medications used to treat other autoimmune diseases can also contribute to alopecia in some cases by damaging your scalp’s delicate balance of hormones and oils or by increasing inflammation in your body overall.

If you’re experiencing unexplained hair loss it’s crucial to speak with your healthcare practitioner about potential underlying causes so that you can find the best course of treatment for your individual situation.



Alopecia and autoimmune diseases often go hand in hand but the cause behind this connection is still up in the air. Women over 40 are particularly vulnerable to both conditions due to hormonal fluctuations during menopause or pregnancy-related stressors which can trigger an underlying autoimmune disorder resulting in sudden or patchy hair loss.

While further research is needed on the exact connection between alopecia and other types of autoimmunity, current evidence suggests that they may be linked in some way or another.  Taking care of yourself now can help prevent more serious issues from developing down the line!

If you’re ready to get to the root cause of your chronic inflammation, I’d love to help you!  You can check out my programs here.  Isn’t it time you invested in yourself and your health for a change?


***Disclaimer: This post is for informational purposes only and should not be construed as medical advice***


  • Susan Taylor, RDN LD

    Meet Susan, registered dietitian / nutritionist and fellow autoimmune warrior who is dedicated to helping women with autoimmune disease get their groove back. With the right diet and lifestyle changes, Susan empowers her clients to take control of their health and feel their best. When she's not busy saving the world you can find Susan strolling along the beach, jet-setting to new destinations, and soaking up quality time with family & friends.

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